This highly successful group of Partisans was known as Marions Brigade.. Organized between January 2- late March 1776 at Philadelphia to consist of 8 companies from Philadelphia City and Berks, Bucks Chester and Philadelphia Counties. The Pennsylvania Line originated in 1775 was organized into thirteen regiments and several independent companies. Relieved on November 14, 1776 from St. Clair's Brigade and assigned to the. Soldiers who served during the years 1777-1780, when the currency was depreciating, were paid inContinental bills of Credit, which quickly lost value. This account has been disabled. Under the Militia Act of 1777, the numbering of the militia units changed every three years though the composition of each unit recruited from a given area tended to remain more or less the same except for casualties and new recruits. Two companies also accompanied Benedict Arnold's attack on Quebec. Mounting a second animal, he ordered his artillery to open fire with grapeshot. 11th Pennsylvania Regiment was officially authorized on October 25, 1776. To cross it would put Watson deep within the heartland of the Whig resistance. Leaving his dead in an abandoned rock quarry and loading his wounded on wagons, Watson and his crack regiment began their withdrawal at the double-time on 28 March toward Georgetown. During the 1777 campaign, the regiment split, with the smaller rifle corps joining Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates at Saratoga. These voluntary "Associators" never represented more than a fraction of the state's total population. They marched from Hannastown, Pennsylvania, to New Jersey in the winter of 1776-77, and the following campaign season took part in a number of battles, including Paoli, Brandywine, White Marsh, Boundbrook, and Germantown as part of Brig. Revolutionary War Records at FamilySearch. The two dismounted troops armed and equipped as light infantry provided a defensive element to protect the camp from enemy surprise attack, and also provided a base of fire around which the mounted elements could maneuver. The 4th Pennsylvania Regiment was raised December 9, 1775 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for service with the Continental Army. And, they were still separate from the militias sanctioned by Pennsylvania's Provincial Assembly. It then reported to march with the army under Col. Arthur St. Clair and was involved at Three Rivers on June 9. Curtailing his attempt to clear the far side first, Watson formed his men in column and ordered the first column forward with its captain out front. Watson and his men remained where they were, subsisting off the plantation, gathering from those homes around them anything else they needed. 3, The Pennsylvania Line: Regimental Organization and Operations, 17751783. Your account has been locked for 30 minutes due to too many failed sign in attempts. Fairfax County, Relieved on November 18, 1776 from St. Clair's Brigade. The men elected new officers at this time and the militia battalions were renumbered according to the relative seniority of their commanders. The regiment was merged into the 3rd Pennsylvania Regiment on July 1, 1778. Like the Associators, they were volunteers. Pennsylvania, The Regiment was authorized on January 30, 1776 in the continental Army as Capt. Following a brief skirmish on the narrow land bridge, both sides withdrew. The Thirteenth was incorporated with the Second Pennsylvania, July 1, 1778. Gen. Miscellaneous private papers relating to the French and Indian War, the Revolutionary War, War of 1812, Mexican War, Civil War, Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, World War I, the Pennsylvania National Guard, and peacetime military service. It is notable, however, that during the summer campaign of 1776, thousands of Pennsylvania Associators saw active service in New Jersey. Light companies normally assembled into provisional battalions at the start of each year's campaign and acted as a special strike force in traditional battlefield roles, not as a reconnaissance element. The battalion colonels, lieutenant colonels, and majors were called to active duty in a specific order. Proudly founded in 1681 as a place of tolerance and freedom. Disbanded on July 1, 1778 at White Plains, New York. A man who failed to report for drill merely paid an 1 . The only unit capable, Lees Legion, had been recalled to the north to support Greene. The regiment would see action during the New York Campaign, Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Germantown, Battle of Monmouth and the Sullivan Expedition. On October 14, under pressure from the British rejoined the main force at Ticonderoga. Organized between January 8- March 20, 1776 at Carlisle to consist of 8 companies from Cumberland and York Counties. The Regiment was authorized on December 9, 1775 in the Continental Army as the 3d Pennsylvania Battalion. If you notice a problem with the translation, please send a message to [emailprotected] and include a link to the page and details about the problem. For line troops, neither the type of service rendered nor the term of enlistment was uniform. For line troops, neither the type of service rendered nor the term of enlistment was uniform. A detachment of riflemen served with Brig. Organized between January 2- February 11, 1776 at Chester to consist of 8 companies from Chester, Bucks and Lancaster Counties. The American Revolutionary War, also known as the American War of Independence, was a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North American. During the Revolutionary War, Western Pennsylvania saw much fighting between American soldiers and British rangers and their Indian allies. 302-324. return to scholars showcase. Stephanie Hoover 2017 - All Rights Reserved, Directory of Pennsylvania Genealogical & Historical Societies, Pennsylvania Research Reference Materials. The 11th Pennsylvania fought again at Germantown on October 4, 1777. This Revolutionary War Militia Arrangement provides a breakdown of the battalions and companies raised in each county and the names of the commanding officers. During the afternoon the forces under General John Sullivan fought with the enemy for almost two hours near Birmingham Meeting House. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. But the bluff was too high and the artillery canister just passed overhead of the defenders on the east bank when fired. Many members of the Pennsylvania Navy were entitled to and received Depreciation pay certificates, and, rather curiously, some were paid off with Certificates of the Funded or Militia Debt. He was an able leader with a reputation of taking care of the welfare of his men. Organized between January 31- August 19, 1777 at Lancaster as Capt. Militia fines became an important source of revenue. Trussell, Jr. (Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1977). During the battle, Colonel Miles, Atlee and Lt. Conway's Brigade continued at attack and eventually drove "the enemy a mile and a half below Chew's house" before being forced to retire. (these are free with registration) Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 from National Archives (NARA) microfilm publication M246. Organized between July 15- September 15, 1776 at Kittanning to consist of 8 companies from Westmoreland, Bedford and Cumberland Counties. The Regiment was authorized on July 11, 1776 in the Continental Army as a Battalion for frontier defense in the, Designated on July 20, 1776 as Mackay's Battalion. By 1675-1676 a new element appeared in the ranger concept. After this, the 7th Pennsylvania spent time in New York and New Jersey watching the British. Donation Land in certain western counties, land that remained free from taxation so long as the soldier lived and retained ownership. Morgans losses were placed at twelve killed and sixty-one wounded. They occasionally operated with friendly Indians, but more commonly served the British as a substitute for traditional allies. After wintering at Valley Forge the regiment was assigned to the Western Department, headquartered at Fort Pitt. Re-designated on January 1, 1776 as the 1st Continental Regiment. Organized on September 5, 1776 at Lancaster with recruits from central Pennsylvania and assigned to the. Another form of line service was with the Watson did not take long to initiate the fight. Frustration had set in on the British in regard to Marion, and the decision was made by Cornwallis replacement as field commander in South Carolina, Lord Francis Rawdon, to try and eradicate the pest once and for all. The individuals who volunteered at this time were formed into battalions by county and were known as "Flying Camps" that served on active duty until November 30, 1776. Minute Men, on call for special duty at short notice, but no evidence of the existence of such a corps in Pennsylvania survives. Please complete the captcha to let us know you are a real person. It spent the rest of the year in garrison at West Point and probably wintered at Morristown. When America officially declared its independence from Great Britain, it was clear more troops were needed to fight in the revolution. Pennsylvania State Navy. Undaunted by the destroyed bridge or the rebels fire, the lead guardsmen closed column and plunged across the river. Under Stewart it operated along the New York-New Jersey border and moved to Middlebrook, New Jersey, in early December for the winter of 1778-79. Consolidated on November 6, 1777 with the, Bayard's Philadelphia Associators Regiment, Cadwalader's Philadelphia Associators Regiment, Matlack's Philadelphia Associators Rifle Battalion, Morgan's Philadelphia Associators Regiment, Moulder's Philadelphia Associators Artillery Company, Klotz's Lancaster County Militia Regiment, McAllister's York County Militia Regiment, Montgomery's Cumberland County Militia Regiment, Watt's Cumberland County Militia Regiment. All males aged 20 to 45 - including immigrants seeking citizenship - had to register for the draft. December 26, 1776 The Battle of Trenton. An online listing of officers in the Revolutionary War Records Overview The Military Association, 1775-1777 At the beginning of 1775, Pennsylvania, founded under Quaker auspices, differed from other American colonies in being totally devoid of military organization. William Hendrick's and Mathew Smith's companies each additionally served in: On June 14, 1775, the Continental Congress passed a resolution calling for the raising of six companies of expert riflemen from Pennsylvania, two from Maryland, and two from Virginia. Associators patterned essentially upon groups which had existed briefly in 1747-1748 and again after Braddock's defeat in 1755. That evening both sides encamped, though Marion did order his night patrols to take shots at Watsons sentinels. Organized in between March 7- May 29, 1776 at Markus Hook, to consist of the 1st Battalion (6 companies) from Philadelphia City and Bucks, Bedford, York, Norhampton and Northumberland Counties; and the 2nd Battalion (6 companies) from Berks, Cumberland, Lancaster and Westmoreland Counties. Avoiding militia calls was not difficult. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Instead, it protected itself with the passage of temporary laws authorizing organized militias. Samuel Morehead's Independent Company, an element of the. About. In March 1777, this indeed occurred. Colonels Colonel William Thompson, Colonel Edward Hand, Colonel James Chambers Companies Please check your email and click on the link to activate your account. Pennsylvania Long Rifles. We have set your language to These groups assisted state-controlled - yet still temporary - militias. Reorganized on January 1, 1783 at Lancaster, to consist of 7 companies in the. When the army was reorganized on January 1, 1776, the Battalion was renamed the 1st Continental Regiment of Foot. In the mid 1700s, Capt. Substitute Fine was paid. Harmar would remain in this position until 1780. For the 2nd Class, the colonel of the 2nd Battalion, lieutenant colonel of the First Battalion, and major of the 4th Battalion entered service in command of the 2nd Class active-duty battalion. Less than a week later, on July 1, the unit was dissolved, and merged with elements of the 10th Pennsylvania. They spent the winter at Valley Forge and fought at the battle of Monmoth on June 28, 1778. The men of the regiment refused at first to join the mutineers, but were finally forced to when the other troops threatened them at bayonet point and with artillery. On September 21 the regiment was in Hartford, Connecticut, with Wayne to greet French General Rochambeau. The Regiment was authorized on January 22, 1777 in the Continental Army as Capt. If you have Pennsylvania ancestors who served in the Revolutionary War, you may be confused by the varying names for forms of service. Under the provisions of the Militia Law, the men called up for active duty were automatically assigned to companies whose numbers were different from their own company numbers on the permanent billet rolls. For all intents the Regiment ceased to exist. Revolutionary War Records at FamilySearch. Watson was cut off from outside information, for his messengers could not break through Marions cordon. Two lieutenants were mortally wounded here and a number of men killed. The regiment was assigned to the 3d Pennsylvania Brigade of the Main Continental Army on 27 May 1777. Supporting Army Rangers past, present, and future-RLTW. Four men running forward to recover his body were also killed in sequence. Soon, though, just as Marion had expected, the guardsmen wheeled around and made their way back to the Kingstree intersection. In Pennsylvania, the Associators once again stepped up to fill these roles, but the cost and commitment of their near continuous service were growing burdensome. Later that evening, one of Marions scouts reconnoitered the camp and rode off to warn his brigadier. Strafford County, Mifflinburg, Or were they Associators? Tabulated company returns were periodically compiled from the muster rolls and from these the adjutants for each battalion compiled battalion returns that were then tabulated by the muster master general of the brigade and submitted to the brigadier general in the form of a general return (not to be confused with the Battalion General Return mentioned above). This Revolutionary War Militia Arrangement provides a breakdown of the battalions and companies raised in each county and the names of the commanding officers. At least one company of the regiment joined in the assaults on the Chew House and lost a number of men. During this period, 135 men and officers were detached to Col. Daniel Morgan and participated in the Saratoga campaign as part of his rifle corps. However, the men who remained in service were all redistributed among all these units and this establishment was mostly on paper. In certain counties there were recruited special troops calledRangers, who served long enlistments on the frontier against the Indians. based on information from your browser. The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine 23 (No. He was replaced by Col. John Phillip DeHaas of Lebanon. Northumberland County Revolutionary War Militia Upper Division Associators, 24 January 1776 Commanding Officers: Col. unknown In enrollment, it probably never numbered as many as one thousand men. After exchanging fire in the area of Chadd's Ford, The PSR, as part of General Greene's division move to meet the main British assault. Williams led the unit in patrol actions in New Jersey during the spring and summer, including an engagement at Bound Brook on April 11 or 12 and a skirmish at Amboy on April 25 in which one officer was killed. At Mount Hope Swamp, Marion had his men disassemble the bridge. The light infantry companies continued under their existing practice of forming provisional battalions for each campaign season. Joshua Huddy, who was every bit as feared by loyalists as Tye was by patriots. March 1, 1777 The Pennsylvania State Regiment is officially activated as a unit. None of the light units employed by the Continental Army carried out a training role as Rogers' Rangers had during the French and Indian War. (It should be noted, however, that a person serving as a substitute for someone else was not thereby excused from also serving in their own turn.) Certificates of the funded or Militia Debt.