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which of the following best explains diffusion? What Happened To Johnny From Pennhurst, Sid Roberts Funeral Home Nacogdoches, Texas Obituaries, Articles W
March 19, 2023

which of the following best explains diffusion?

Agricultural technology has increased the economy of scale and the carrying capacity of feedlots, increasing profits for the farmer. Both domesticated plants and animals spread across the globe through contagious diffusion in early years by farmers and traders, and later by relocation diffusion through European exploration and colonialism. In general, to maintain homeostasis the relationship between our intracellular and extracellular fluids should be which of the following? In facilitated diffusion, molecules only move with the aid of a protein in the membrane. The latter may be 0.5 um while the former may be 100 um (which is more than 10X in comparative size). The electrode system developed a potential of 0.2331V-0.2331 \mathrm{~V}0.2331V when immersed in mL\mathrm{mL}mL of the solution of unknown concentration. Which of the following best explains diffusion? The Diffusion of Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, and Inert Gas in Flowing Blood. This type of transport is known as _____. If a cell is in a hypertonic solution, the solution has a lower water concentration than the cell cytosol, and water moves out of the cell until . This process does not require energy. Similarly, the medium in which diffusion occurs could also be in one of the three physical states. One of the most important pumps in animal cells is the, Not only does the sodium-potassium pump maintain correct concentrations of Na. A. Facilitated diffusion is diffusion that is helped along (facilitated by) a membrane transport channel. After addition of 1.00mL1.00 \mathrm{~mL}1.00mL of 2.00102M2.00 \times 10^{-2} \mathrm{M}2.00102M NaCl\mathrm{NaCl}NaCl, the potential changed to 0.1846V-0.1846 \mathrm{~V}0.1846V. Calculate the Na+\mathrm{Na}^{+}Na+concentration of the original solution. Direct link to Ivana - Science trainee's post yes, dimensions also play. An example of this is the way the noxious smell of ammonia gas spreads in air. movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration Which of the following is most likely to move through the cell membrane by facilitated diffusion? The concentration of sodium ions is lower inside the cell than in the extracellular fluid, while the reverse is true for potassium ions. B. ribosome In less developed countries, pesticides are typically applied by hand, whereas pesticides are typically applied by tractors or aircraft in more developed countries. Direct link to City Face's post Because a solute moving d, Posted 7 years ago. What assists the movement of substances by facilitated diffusion? this monosaccharide yields the most energy of all macromolecules. Which of the following organelles will be abundant in liver cells? Each cell has a long tail that moves in a whip-like manner. start superscript, 2, comma, 3, end superscript, start superscript, 4, comma, 5, end superscript. Red blood cells behave the same way (see figure below). A. Which of the following is the main component of the cell membrane? Its tempting to simply make an argument based on stoichiometry: for every three ions of sodium that move out, only two ions of potassium move in, resulting in a more negative cell interior. If a person is severely dehydrated, their extracellular fluids will become hypertonic to the intracellular fluid. Which of the following best explains why the New England region, located in the northeastern United States, would specialize in market gardening agriculture rather than other types of agriculture, such as grain farming? The difference in the concentrations of the molecules in the two areas is called the concentration gradient. C. The IV fluid should be hypertonic to the patient's blood. A power cycle operating at steady state receives energy by heat transfer at a rate QHatTH=1800K\dot{Q}_{\mathrm{H}} \text { at } T_{\mathrm{H}}=1800 \mathrm{K}QHatTH=1800K and rejects energy by heat transfer to a cold reservoir at a rate QC\dot{Q}_{\mathrm{C}}QC at TC=600K.T_{\mathrm{C}}=600 \mathrm{K}.TC=600K. In secondary active transport, the two molecules being transported may move either in the same direction (i.e., both into the cell), or in opposite directions (i.e., one into and one out of the cell). Which statement displays the address of the variable num1? The term cytoplasm refers to the cytosol and all of the organelles, the specialized compartments of the cell. If the ECF is more concentrated than the cytosol, then the ECF is: A primary active transport process is one in which __________. By diffusion: glucose will move from solution B to solution A. The SER synthesizes the majority of the lipid components of the plasma membrane. One and a Half Century of Diffusion: Fick, Einstein, before and beyond. Otherwise, tap the red Don't know box. It is the random motion of the molecules that causes them to move from an area of high concentration to an area with a lower concentration. The function of the plasma membrane is to control what goes in and out of the cell. A. smooth endoplasmic reticulum Based on the different types of land use shown in the image, which of the following best explains why soil salinization is a concern in the arid landscape shown? sideropenia _____________________________________________________. when it releases the ions the pump no longer has a affinity for the molecules, is this because the energy used to change the conformation of the pump knocks off electrons or does the phosphates make the pump more negative due to the negative charges on the phosphates itself? The IV fluid should be isotonic to the patient's blood. A. synthesize proteins If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. (2017, April 27). What is required for its transport? At equilibrium, there is equal movement of materials in both directions. Biology Dictionary. Also, it is spatially more available than in the case of ATP. y1=3y2y2=12y1. What will happen to a freshwater fish in the ocean? If the outside environment of a cell is water-based, and the inside of the cell is also mostly water, something has to make sure the cell stays intact in this environment. why wouldnt cells use atp for primary active transport of glucose directly, why go through a second step? In other words, plasma . Lipids do not mix with water (recall that oil is a lipid), so the phospholipid bilayer of the cell membrane acts as a barrier, keeping water out of the cell, and keeping the cytoplasm inside the cell. A not very well-studied A&P student heard about a phenomenon called water intoxication and thought it sounded fun so she decided to try it. Direct link to l's post Questions: C. The SER manufactures proteins for export from the cell. 1. Eventually, the concentration of "stuff" on either side of them will even out. This electricity can do work. You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows: If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they Which of the following best describes advances in the production of textiles during the Second Agricultural Revolution and the Industrial Revolution? For instance, when water is mixed with glycerol, over time the two liquids diffuse radially into each other. This statement describes _____. This allows red blood cells to carry oxygen all over your body. are in the same box the next time you log in. Direct link to tyersome's post Great question since pr, Posted 7 years ago. thank you. Distinguish among hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic solutions. The gradient is steep enough that potassium ions will move out of the cell (via channels), despite a growing negative charge on the interior. Diffusion is a physical process that refers to the net movement of molecules from a region of high concentration to one of lower concentration. The reaction proceeds towards completion at a faster rate. \dot{Q}_{\mathrm{H}}=500 \mathrm{kW}, \dot{Q}_{\mathrm{C}}=100 \mathrm{kW}} \\ {\text { b. } Which of the following best explains the risks associated with pesticide applications? This statement describes _____. Which of the following is least likely to increase the rate of diffusion? Sheep production is an example of extensive agriculture requiring large pastures, whereas poultry production is an example of intensive agriculture often practiced indoors. If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just tap on the card to take it out of the box. What part of a cell membrane is usually in contact with the interstitial fluid? However, for molecules in the periphery, rapidly moving molecules in the air also influence their movement, allowing them to diffuse into the air. Based on the map above, explain the degree to which lettuce production takes place in the United States. This voltage will be maintained as long as K, For more explanation of how the voltage across the membrane is established, take a look at the. "Permeable" means that anything can cross a barrier. Sucrose cannot pass through a red blood cell's plasma membrane, but water and urea can. Which of these components add specialized functions to the plasma membrane? Direct link to Zaeen Iqbal's post i dont quite understand t, Posted 7 years ago. Concentric rings of different agricultural activities surrounding a city in the midwestern United States. Diffusion is a physical process that refers to the net movement of molecules from a region of high concentration to one of lower concentration. In an isotonic solution, the flow of water in and out of the cell is happening at the same rate. The hypertonic solution is one one side of the membrane and the hypotonic solution on the other. Which of the following best describes the settlement patterns shown in the images? The best explanation for the diffusion of plants and animals from their hearths of domestication is option C. Contagious diffusion in the early years was a way of spreading from one person to the other. Electrochemical gradients and the membrane potential. Which of the following best explains the Green Revolution's highly variable level of success in increasing agricultu. Diffusion is the mixing of substances due to the movement of their particles. What is transported across a membrane during osmosis? But now you have two mixtures of different solute concentrations. Tea plantations were established in Sri Lanka by a former European colonial power. Would remain unchanged B. Simple diffusion can be disrupted if the diffusion distance is increased. Do not mix or stir. C. Diffusion provides ciphertext heterogeneity, while confusion provides algorithm This problem has been solved! what is the main difference between active transport using a carrier protein, and passive transport using facilitated diffusion? The same gas would diffuse slightly more slowly in a liquid such as water and slowest in a solid. Na+. The protein can be toggled back and forth between these forms by the addition or removal of a phosphate group, which is in turn controlled by the binding of the ions to be transported. When placed in a hypertonic solution, a red blood cell will lose water and undergo crenation (shrivel). In biological systems, diffusion occurs at every moment, across membranes in every cell as well as through the body. diffusion: [noun] the state of being spread out or transmitted especially by contact : the action of diffusing. If for example there are alot of sodium ions outside, their positive charges will repel and like atoms don't like being near eachother so they flow to the other side if there's a way to. Primary active transport, secondary active transport, exocytosis, and endocytosis are all what type of process? B. digest and recycle damaged organelles While this charge ratio does make the cells interior slightly more negative, it actually accounts for only a, Instead, the sodium-potassium pump acts primarily by building up a high concentration of potassium ions inside the cell, which makes potassiums concentration gradient very steep. 0 To produce a mRNA molecule to deliver the genetic instructions outside the nucleus. When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. What process does water use to move across the plasma membrane? Which of the following solutions contains the most solute? Great question since proteins are very large and complex they almost always have regions with different characteristics including patches that have negative or positive charges. if there are more Potassium ions in a cell, how is the cell negatively charged? Which of the following best compares a technological consequence of the Green Revolution in more developed and less developed countries? The sugar dissolves and the mixture that is now in the cup is made up of a solute (the sugar) that is dissolved in the solvent (the water). It is an important process occurring in all living beings. (1967). Some transport processes use transport proteins in the plasma membrane, but do not require ATP. The images show examples of agricultural technology developed during different time periods. Once again, as the concentration of this gas increases within the cell, it diffuses outwards towards capillaries where the force of flowing blood removes the excess gas from the tissue region. Secondary active transport involves the movement of a substance into a cell through a protein channel with its concentration gradient. C. peroxisome Which of the following best explains how a wheat farmer in the Northern Plains region of the United States is able to maximize profits? yes, dimensions also play a role in the case of transport. The passive process that involves the movement of water through aquaporins is ________. Which of the following explains an impact of globalized agricultural commodity chains on consumers as compared to producers? 1. Cells may lyse when placed into a hypertonic environment. The cell is therefore not completely permeable. How is the , Posted 7 years ago. The kinetic energy of the molecules results in random motion, causing diffusion. When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, tap "retry" to try those cards again. Water leaves the cells and the cells shrink. Even in large industrial reactions, when two liquids are mixed together, diffusion brings the reactants together and allows the reaction to proceed smoothly. The cotransporter accomplishes this by physically coupling the transport of glucose to the movement of sodium ions down their concentration gradient. Simple diffusion and osmosis do not involve transport proteins. Which of the following is most likely to move through the cell membrane by facilitated diffusion? On the other hand, facilitated diffusion, as the term indicates, requires the presence of another molecule (the facilitator) in order for diffusion to occur. C. The SER manufactures proteins for export from the cell. \end{aligned} Both farming practices require considerable labor input because the fruit is picked by hand, making it a product of intensive agriculture. He should be given a hypotonic drip to draw fluid out of his cells. Which of the following correctly compares the significance of the different technologies shown in the images? Since diffusion is powered primarily by the probability of molecules moving away from a region of higher saturation, it immediately follows that when the medium (or solvent) has a very low concentration of the solute, the probability of a molecule diffusing away from the central area is higher. During the Green Revolution, agricultural practices from more developed countries diffused to less developed countries in Asia and Africa. Make sure to remember your password. A fish that lives in salt water will have somewhat salty water inside itself. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Even though this is random non-directed movement, with a large bulk, it can create a scenario where there is no net movement of gas from the container. This process requires some form of chemical energy. What is required for filtration to occur? Which of the following best explains the significance of a similarity among locations where olives, figs, grapes and lemons are grown? The conversion from manual thread spinning to an industrial processing approach led to increased demand for raw cotton in the agricultural sector. Can you find a safe way to heat or cool the food coloring before adding it to the water? Between 1950 and 1990, wheat production in India in average pounds per acre more than tripled, which allowed India to meet its populations need for food. C. Secondary active transport occurs when the movement of one substance is coupled with the passive transport of a second substance. shouldn't it be positively charged? Farmers' health is at risk in less developed countries, whereas environmental pollution is a risk in more developed countries. Which of the following is most likely to move through the cell membrane by facilitated diffusion? When these molecules collide with one another, there is a change in the direction of movement as well as changes to momentum and velocity. However, the township-and-range system uses simplified calculation to create a more ordered landscape. Answer: Random movement of molecules is not fast enough to disperse through the larger eukaryotic cell volume, Explanation: Eukaryotic clels are much bigger than prokaryotic cells. For example, how might this play into why coffee and tea always start with hot water? As an example, while gases and small molecules like methane or water can diffuse freely across a plasma membrane, larger charged molecules like carbohydrates or nucleic acids need the help of transmembrane proteins forming pores or channels. Grocery stores sell oranges that are grown in locations with similar climates but different growing seasons. Both systems require geometric calculations to survey property lines. ), y1=3y2y2=12y1\begin{aligned} Mr. Weddington was admitted to the hospital with chronic heart failure. Why Do Giant Pandas Have Low Libido? Requested URL: byjus.com/biology/diffusion/, User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/103.0.5060.114 Safari/537.36 Edg/103.0.1264.62. Diffusion is affected by temperature, area of interaction, steepness of the concentration gradient and particle size. The higher the temperature, the more kinetic energy the particles will have, so they will move and mix more quickly. At equilibrium, movement of molecules does not stop. These channels are . Phosphorylation makes the pump change shape, re-orienting itself so it opens towards the extracellular space. In facilitated diffusion, molecules only move with the aid of a protein in the membrane. Limited farmland encourages intensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields. Osmosis is the diffusion of water molecules across a semipermeable membrane from an area of lower concentration solution (i.e., higher concentration of water) to an area of higher concentration solution (i.e., lower concentration of water).

What Happened To Johnny From Pennhurst, Sid Roberts Funeral Home Nacogdoches, Texas Obituaries, Articles W

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